Production of seamless pipe

The process begins with solid steel rounds, or billets, being cut to a specified length and sent through a walking-beam reheat furnace, where temperatures reach nearly 2,300°F. After exiting the reheat furnace, the preheated rounds are turned into a tube shell in the rotary piercing mill as the billets are cross-rolled between two barrel-shaped rolls at a high speed. The seamless shells enter mandrel mill, where they are rolled over a retained mandrel to provide the needed OD size and wall thickness for the next process. The process is carefully monitored using a state-of-the-art hot-wall measuring system. The shells are then reheated for final forming in a 24-stand stretch-reducing mill, where outside diameters are formed to customers’ exacting specifications. Wall thickness is again verified using a hot-wall measuring system. After being rotated and advanced on the walking-beam cooling bed, the pipes are batch cut and transferred to an in-process storage area, where they are handled by computer-controlled gantry cranes.

Ultrasonic Inspection for Small-diameter Seamless Pipe

Ultrasonic inspection is in accordance with pulse-echo method using water gap method. Flow detection is performed by angle beam technique to date longitudinal and transverse flow on the inner and outer surface of pipe, and wall thickness measurement is performed by normal beam technique. The pipe, which is conveyed helically through the testing device, is inspected.

Electromagnetic Inspection for Large-diameter Seamless Pipe

Plug mill is equipped with an Amalog-Sonoscope, electromagnetic inspection units after heat treatment. The Amalog-Sonoscope pipe inspection system detects defects by using flux leakage by electromagnetic induction in search coil. Amalog magnetic circuits detect longitudinal defects in both the inside and outside surface. Sonoscope magnetic circuits detect circumferential defects.

Magnetic Particle Inspection

The tube is magnetized and provided with magnetic particles (mostly fluorescent magnetic particle). The presence of flaws creates a magnetic flux which shows changes in fluorescent brilliance under black light. The change is detected visually.
Carbon seamless steel pipe is a kind of strip steel. Steel pipe with hollow cross-section, a large number of pipes used to transport fluid, such as the transportation of oil, natural gas, gas, water and some solid materials such as pipes. Steel and round steel and other solid steel compared to the same bending strength in the same bending, lighter weight, is an economic section of steel, is widely used in the manufacture of structural parts and mechanical parts, such as oil drill pipe, Bicycle frames and steel construction scaffolding. The use of carbon seamless steel pipe manufacturing ring parts can improve material utilization, simplify the manufacturing process, save materials and processing time, such as rolling bearing rings, jackets, etc., has been widely used to manufacture steel pipe.
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